"carbon" Definition

  1. n. An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond, and Graphite.

More About carbon

Position in dictionary: 14812 of 111710 words.
Word Type: n.,
Words that start with "carbon": 23
Words that end with "carbon": 2
Words that contain "carbon": 43
Next words in dictionary: carbonaceous, carbonade, carbonado, carbonadoed, carbonadoes, carbonadoing, carbonari, carbonarism, carbonaro, carbonatation
Previous words in dictionary: carbolize, carbolic, carbohydride, carbohydrate, carbinol, carbineer, carbine, carbimide, carbide, carbazotic

English Dictionary Definition of carbon

Read all of this dictionary's definitions for the word "carbon" on this page. Also learn the word type, other words that start with, end with or contain this word, the position in the dictionary and the next and previous terms. The historical definitions of the word "carbon" found on this page is taken from the 1913 edition of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.